The Mugello, a vast territory at the crossroads of Tuscany and Romagna, has been a juncture of important communication routes, such as the Flaminia Military Way, since ancient times. The toponym leads back to the Ligurian Magelli, its first inhabitants, followed by the Etruscans, the Romans and, in the Dark Ages, the Ubaldini, powerful feudal lords who were later subject to the expansionist ambitions of Florence, eager to control the roads to the North; the Terre Nuove of Scarperia, Vicchio, and Firenzuola were built for this purpose. From the late Middle Ages the territory was inextricably linked to the history of the Municipality and then to the Lordship of the Medici, who actually originated from this area, and would later control the fortunes of Tuscany for three centuries, forever leaving behind the traces of their patronage. This area is also birthplace of famous historical figures such as Giotto and Beato Angelico.
Today, the Mugello brings together two geographical areas comprising eight Municipalities. The bottom of the valley is framed by rolling hills, cultivated as arable land in a harmonious mosaic, including Barberino di Mugello, Borgo S. Lorenzo, Dicomano, Scarperia and S. Piero, and Vicchio; Upper Mugello, with Firenzuola, Marradi, and Palazzuolo sul Senio. The ridges are covered by a green expanse of beech, chestnut and oak woods, among pristine forests that beckon outdoor activities such as hiking, rafting, and mountain biking. On Bilancino lake, it is also possible to play water sports. The landscape, fascinating because of its variety, is rich in architectural and historical-artistic treasures.