The Mugello Itinerary
Acting as a crossroads between Tuscany and Romagna, the Mugello area has been home to important communication routes, such as the Via Flaminia Militare, since ancient times. The ‘Liguri Magelli’ were the first inhabitants of this area, followed by the Etruscans, the Romans and, in the early Middle Ages, the Ubaldini, powerful feudal lords who became subject to expansionist pressures from Florence, which at the time was eager to control the roads heading north: it was precisely for this purpose that the new lands of Scarperia, Vicchio and Firenzuola were created. From the late Middle Ages onwards, this area was inextricably linked to the history of the Municipality and of the Medici family, who originated here. Many famous people were born here, including Giotto and Beato Angelico.
Today, Mugello encompasses eight municipalities. The valley floor is framed by rolling hills and is covered in arable land, arranged like a harmonious mosaic, home to Barberino di Mugello, Borgo S. Lorenzo, Dicomano, Scarperia and S. Piero and Vicchio; the upper part of the Mugello valley is home to Firenzuola, Marradi and Palazzuolo sul Senio, and its ridges are covered by lush green beech, chestnut and oak woods, boasting unspoilt forests that offer a range of outdoor activities, such as hiking, rafting and mountain biking. You can also enjoy water sports on Lake Bilancino. This stunningly varied landscape boasts plenty of architectural and historical-artistic gems too.